"The ladies & dandies have taken to ride in the Mall in St James’s Park in such numbers as to be quite a nuisance."
Did you know?
In 1807 the Portuguese Royal Family — along with about 10,000 courtiers, aristocrats, bureaucrats, lawyers, and other prominent Portuguese citizens and the entirety of the royal treasury — fled to their colony of Brazil
Why? Napoleon’s troops under Junot were marching on Lisbon
For the first time in history, a European monarch sets up his imperial capital in the New World
The fortunes of Rio de Janeiro were greatly improved
In 1815, at the urging of the Congress of Vienna, the prince regent of Portugal elevated Brazil to co-equal status with Portugal, creating the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves
It legitimised his extended stay in the colony and created a new self-awareness for Brazil
Eventually, revolution in Portugal in 1820 forced the return of King Dom João to Portugal, but he left behind his son Dom Pedro as regent in Brazil, fearing a break in the Empire
The Portuguese Cortes (parliament) essentially tried to downgrade Brazil back to the status of colony
Brazil broke with Portugal, but retained the monarchy thanks to the presence of Dom Pedro
And that is an oversimplifaction of why Brazil did not suffer the fate of the rest of South America and splinter under revolutionary violence in the 19th century